How to manage the phlebotomy pre-analytical phase?

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The pre-analytical phase encompasses all the procedures before the start of laboratory testing. This phase of the testing process is responsible for the majority of the laboratory errors, since the related procedures involve many sorts of non-laboratory professionals working outside the laboratory setting, thus without direct supervision by the laboratory staff” Lima-Oliveira et al (2017).

Abstract:

The pre-analytical phase encompasses all the procedures before the start of laboratory testing. This phase of the testing process is responsible for the majority of the laboratory errors, since the related procedures involve many sorts of non-laboratory professionals working outside the laboratory setting, thus without direct supervision by the laboratory staff. Therefore, either correct organization or management of both personnel and procedures that regard blood specimen collection by venipuncture are of fundamental importance, since the various steps for performing blood collection represent per se sources of laboratory variability.

The aim of this (non-systematic) review addressed to healthcare professionals is to highlight the importance of blood specimen management (from patient preparation to laboratory analyses), as a tool to prevent laboratory errors, with the concept that laboratory results from inappropriate blood specimens are inconsistent and do not allow proper treatment nor monitoring of the patient.

Reference:

Lima-Oliveira, G., Volanski, W., Lippi, G., Picheth, G. and Guidi, G.C. (2017) Pre-analytical phase management: a review of the procedures from patient preparation to laboratory analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. March 7th. [Epub ahead of print].

doi: 10.1080/00365513.2017.1295317.

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