Efficacy and safety of continuous infusions with elastomeric pumps

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This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuous antimicrobial infusion using elastomeric pumps in an outpatient setting, while simultaneously documenting circulating antibiotic concentration exposure achieved with this mode of administration” Voumard et al (2018).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of continuous antimicrobial infusion using elastomeric pumps in an outpatient setting, while simultaneously documenting circulating antibiotic concentration exposure achieved with this mode of administration.

METHODS: Clinical outcomes, adverse events and antibiotic plasma concentrations were recorded for all patients treated by continuous infusion with elastomeric pumps at the outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) unit of the University Hospital of Lausanne between December 2013 and January 2017. The study was registered under ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03221140.

RESULTS: One hundred and fifty outpatients were treated by continuous intravenous infusions using flucloxacillin (70 patients), cefepime (36), vancomycin (32) and piperacillin/tazobactam (12). The calculated free fractions of each antibiotic were above the epidemiological cut-off values for resistance (ECOFF) of the treated microorganisms in 92% of measurements. Cure was achieved in 143 patients (95%) 3 months after the end of treatment. Four patients needed unexpected readmission and three had a relapse. In none of the patients with unsuccessful treatment was the ratio of free antibiotic plasma concentration/ECOFF <1. Sixteen patients (11%) had an adverse event, none of them being of severity grade 4 or 5.

CONCLUSIONS: Continuous infusions of flucloxacillin, cefepime, vancomycin and piperacillin/tazobactam using elastomeric pumps seem to be an effective and safe approach to treat outpatients. The number of treatment successes was very high and adverse events occurred at a similar rate as reported by other OPAT centres. The measured antibiotic plasma concentrations confirmed adequate drug concentration exposure for the vast majority of patients.



Reference:

Voumard, R., Gardiol, C., André, P., Arensdorff, L., Cochet, C., Boillat-Blanco, N., Decosterd, L., Buclin, T. and de Vallière, S. (2018) Efficacy and safety of continuous infusions with elastomeric pumps for outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT): an observational study. The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. July 4th. .

doi: 10.1093/jac/dky224.

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