Prompted by the high number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), our institution joined the national On the CUSP: Stop BSI initiative” Miller et al (2016).
BACKGROUND: Prompted by the high number of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), our institution joined the national On the CUSP: Stop BSI initiative. We not only report the significant impact that the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) had in reducing CLABSI, but also report catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in 2 intensive care units (ICUs).
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METHODS: At our community-based academic health care system, 2 ICUs implemented CUSP tools and developed local interventions to reduce CLABSI and other safety problems. We measured CLABSI, CAUTI, and VAP during baseline, the CUSP period, and a post-CUSP period.
RESULTS: CLABSIs decreased from 3.9 per 1,000 catheter days at baseline to 1.2 during the CUSP period to 0.6 during the post-CUSP period (rate ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.07-0.35). CAUTIs decreased from 2.4 per 1,000 patient days to 1.2 during the post-CUSP period (rate ratio, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.24-0.65). VAP rate decreased from 2.7 per 1,000 ventilator days to 1.6 during the CUSP and post-CUSP periods (rate ratio, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.30-1.10). Device utilization decreased significantly in both ICUs.
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of CUSP was associated with significant decreases in CLABSI, CAUTI, and VAP. The CUSP model, allowing for implementation of evidence-based practices and engagement of frontline staff, creates sustainable improvements that reach far beyond the initial targeted problem.
Miller, K., Briody, C., Casey, D., Kane, J.K., Mitchell, D., Patel, B., Ritter, C., Seckel, M., Wakai, S. and Drees, M. (2016) Using the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program model for sustained reduction in hospital infections. American Journal of Infection Control. May 13th. [Epub ahead of print].
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