CLABSI study in five cities from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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To analyse the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) Multidimensional Approach (IMA) and INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS) on central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates in five intensive care units (ICUs) from October 2013 to September 2015” Al-Abdely et al (2017).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) Multidimensional Approach (IMA) and INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS) on central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates in five intensive care units (ICUs) from October 2013 to September 2015.

DESIGN: Prospective, before-after surveillance study of 3769 patients hospitalised in four adult ICUs and one paediatric ICU in five hospitals in five cities. During baseline, we performed outcome and process surveillance of CLABSI applying CDC/NHSN definitions. During intervention, we implemented IMA and ISOS, which included: (1) a bundle of infection prevention practice interventions; (2) education; (3) outcome surveillance; (4) process surveillance; (5) feedback on CLABSI rates and consequences; and (6) performance feedback of process surveillance. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: During baseline, 4468 central line (CL) days and 31 CLABSIs were recorded, accounting for 6.9 CLABSIs per 1000 CL-days. During intervention, 12,027 CL-days and 37 CLABSIs were recorded, accounting for 3.1 CLABSIs per 1000 CL-days. The CLABSI rate was reduced by 56% (incidence-density rate, 0.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.72; P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Implementing IMA through ISOS was associated with a significant reduction in the CLABSI rate in the ICUs of Saudi Arabia.

Reference:

Al-Abdely, H.M., Alshehri, A.D., Rosenthal, V.D., Mohammed, Y.K., Banjar, W., Orellano, P.W., Assiri, A.M., Kader, N.M.A., Enizy, H.A.A., Mohammed, D.A., Al-Awadi, D.K., Cabato, A.F., Wasbourne, M., Saliya, R., Aromin, R.G., Ubalde, E.B., Diab, H.H., Alkamaly, M.A., Alanazi, N.M., Hassan Assiry, I.Y., Molano, A.M., Flores Baldonado, C., Al-Azhary, M., Al Atawi, S., Molano, A.M., Al Adwani, F.M., Casuyon Pahilanga, A.M., Nakhla, R., Al Adwani, F.M., Nair, D.S., Sindayen, G., Malificio, A.A., Helali, N.J., Al Dossari, H.B., Kelany, A., Algethami, A.G., Yanne, L., Tan, A., Babu, S., Abduljabbar, S.M., Bukhari, S.Z., Basri, R.H., Mushtaq, J.J., Rushdi, H., Turkistani, A.A., Gonzales Celiz, J.M., Al Raey, M.A., Al-Zaydani Asiri, I.A., Aldarani, S.A., Laungayan Cortez, E., Demaisip, N.L., Aziz, M.R., Omer Abdul Aziz, A., Al Manea, B., Samy, E., Al-Dalaton, M. and Alaliany, M.J. (2017) Prospective multicentre study in intensive care units in five cities from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) multidimensional approach on rates of central line-associated bloodstream infection. Journal of Infection Prevention. 18(1), p.25-34.

doi: 10.1177/1757177416669424.

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