Central venous catheter associated superior vena cava perforation

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We describe a very rare case of an indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) through the left internal jugular vein that perforated the superior vena cava (SVC) wall postoperatively, although the CVC was placed in the appropriate position preoperatively” Kurabe et al (2016).

Abstract:

We describe a very rare case of an indwelling central venous catheter (CVC) through the left internal jugular vein that perforated the superior vena cava (SVC) wall postoperatively, although the CVC was placed in the appropriate position preoperatively. Three days after CVC insertion, a chest radiograph showed that the CVC tip had moved from the lower SVC to the upper SVC. Five days after the insertion, computed tomography showed SVC perforation and the resulting hydrothorax. In cases of CVC insertion through the left side, the CVC tip should not be placed in the upper SVC (zone B). Considering individual clinical factors and the indwelling period for the CVC, the left innominate vein (zone C) may be a suitable site for the left-sided CVC tip to reduce the risk of SVC perforation.

Reference:

Kurabe, M., Watanabe, T. and Kohno, T. (2016) Perforation of the superior vena cava 5 days after insertion of a central venous catheter through the left internal jugular vein. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 31, p.193-6.

doi: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2016.02.002.

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