Central line bundle for prevention of implantable port infection

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Central line bundle programs were found to be effective in decreasing central line-associated bloodstream infection rates, improving patients’ quality of life by preventing ports removal due in pediatric cancer patients” Devrim et al (2018).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: The clinical impact of central line bundle programs for central line-associated bloodstream infections has been well demonstrated in intensive care units. However, the experience of central line bundle programs in totally implantable venous access devices (ports) in pediatric-hematology patients was limited.

METHODS: A retrospective study was designed to compare and evaluate the clinical impact of implementing a central line bundle for a 2-year 5-month period, including 10 months of prebundle period, 11 months of central line bundle (that includes needleless split-septum devices), and finally 8 months of central line bundle period in which single-use prefilled flushing devices were added to the previous central line bundle.

RESULTS: During the prebundle period, the rate of 14.5 central line-associated bloodstream infections per 1000 CL-days had decreased to 5.49 CLABSIs per 1000 CL-days in the first bundle period. The incidence rate ratio with these two groups was 0.379, indicating a relative risk reduction of 62% ( p = 0.005). By the addition of single-use prefilled flushing devices to the first bundle program, the central line-associated bloodstream infection rate decreased to 2.63 per 1000 CL-days. Port removal rate due to central line-associated bloodstream infections was 0.46 per 1000 catheter days in the bundle period, which was significantly lower than in the prebundle period in which port removal rate was 4.5 per 1000 catheter days ( p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Central line bundle programs were found to be effective in decreasing central line-associated bloodstream infection rates, improving patients’ quality of life by preventing ports removal due in pediatric cancer patients.



Reference:

Devrim, İ., Oruç, Y., Demirağ, B., Kara, A., Düzgöl, M., Uslu, S., Yaşar, N., Aydın Köker, S., Töret, E., Bayram, N. and Vergin, C. (2018) Central line bundle for prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infection for totally implantable venous access devices (ports) in pediatric cancer patients. The Journal of Vascular Access. 19(4), p.358-365.

doi: 10.1177/1129729818757955.

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