This study examines the complication rates and factors predicting catheter-related bloodstream infections and mortality rates in patients who were initiated on hemodialysis at our institution” Yap et al (2018).
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis is the main modality of renal replacement therapy in Singapore. However, a majority of the patients in Singapore are initiated on hemodialysis via a catheter. This study examines the complication rates and factors predicting catheter-related bloodstream infections and mortality rates in patients who were initiated on hemodialysis at our institution.
METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective analysis of incident hemodialysis patients who were initiated on renal replacement therapy between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012. Catheter-related bloodstream infection risk factors, organisms, and associated mortality were analyzed.
RESULTS: The catheter-related bloodstream infection and exit site infection incidence rates were 0.75 and 0.50 per 1000 catheter days, respectively. The mean duration to first catheter-related bloodstream infection episode was 182.47 ± 144.04 catheter days. Prolonged catheter duration was found to be a risk factor for catheter-related bloodstream infection. Compared to patients initiated on dialysis via arteriovenous fistula, initiation of dialysis via catheter is strongly associated with increased mortality (6.0% vs 14.5%; p = 0.02). In particular, the presence of diabetes mellitus and development of catheter-related bloodstream infection was associated with increased mortality ( p = 0.04 and 0.05, respectively). In addition, patients who began hemodialysis before being seen by a nephrologist were associated with decreased mortality (3.4% vs 13.0%; p = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, prolonged duration of catheter insertion is found to be a risk factor for catheter-related bloodstream infection in hemodialysis patients, and its development is associated with increased mortality. Early referral to a nephrologist and creation of arteriovenous fistula in pre-end-stage renal disease patients are pivotal in improving the outcomes of patients.
Yap, H.Y., Pang’ S.C., Tan, C.S., Tan, Y.L., Goh, N., Achudan, S., Lee, K.G., Tan, R.Y., Choong, L.H. and Chong, T.T. (2018) Catheter-related complications and survival among incident hemodialysis patients in Singapore. The Journal of Vascular Access. March 1st. .
Thank you to our partners for supporting IVTEAM