The aim of this interventional study was to assess the impact of a new strategy using taurolidine-citrate (T-C) prophylactic locks on the CRBSI rate in children with intestinal failure who are receiving HPN” Lambe et al (2018).
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) remain a major issue in patients who are receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN). The aim of this interventional study was to assess the impact of a new strategy using taurolidine-citrate (T-C) prophylactic locks on the CRBSI rate in children with intestinal failure who are receiving HPN.
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METHODS: The rate of CRBSIs was monitored every calendar year in a prospective cohort of 195 children with intestinal failure. T-C locks were initiated from October 2011 in children with recurring CRBSIs (≥2 episodes per year).
RESULTS: In the whole cohort, the median annual CRBSI rate per 1000 catheter days decreased significantly from 2.07 in 2008 to 2010 to 1.23 in 2012 to 2014 (P < .05). T-C locks were used in 40 patients. No adverse events were reported. In taurolidine-treated patients, the CRBSI rate per 1000 catheter days decreased from 4.16 to 0.25 (P < .0001). The cumulative percentage of patients free of CRBSI at 18 months was 92% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 71-98) on T-C lock vs 61% (95% CI: 49-72) in controls (P = .01). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with CRBSI were immune deficiency (adjusted hazard ratio 3.49; 95% CI: 1.01-12.17) and the young age of the parents (adjusted hazard ratio 4.79, 95% CI: 2.16-10.62), whereas T-C locks were protective (adjusted hazard ratio 0.22, 95% CI: 0.06-0.74).
CONCLUSION: This study confirms the efficacy of T-C catheter locks in decreasing the incidence of CRBSIs in children with intestinal failure who are receiving HPN.
Lambe, C., Poisson, C., Talbotec, C. and Goulet, O. (2018) Strategies to Reduce Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections in Pediatric Patients Receiving Home Parenteral Nutrition: The Efficacy of Taurolidine-Citrate Prophylactic-Locking. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. January 31st. .
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