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"This study demonstrated that the incidence of PIVC failure in patients with hematological malignancies was unacceptably high" Shintani et al (2022).

Why peripheral IV catheter fail

Abstract:

Aim: We aimed to reveal detailed descriptive data on peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) failure related to insertion timing during the treatment cycle, in patients with lymphoma, leukemia, and myeloma.

Methods: We conducted a prospective descriptive study to investigate the incidence of PIVC failure, defined as PIVC removal prior to completing infusion therapy. This was judged by ward nurses for adult patients requiring PIVC insertion for chemotherapy. A research nurse confirmed the timing and determined the causes of PIVC failure using ultrasonographic imaging. Descriptive data were collected in the hematology and oncology ward of a tertiary hospital in Japan.

Results: We recruited 85 patients (with 303 PIVCs), and analyzed 67 patients (with 280 PIVCs). Of these, 118 PIVCs (42%) were inserted during the chemotherapeutic dosing period of the treatment cycle, and 106 (38%), during the rest period. The incidence of cumulative PIVC failure was 43.2% of all analyzed PIVCs (89.97 per 1,000 PIVC days). Of the PIVCs in patients with lymphoma, those inserted during the dosing period were less likely to show PIVC failure (32% vs. 57%, p < .001). Conversely, those inserted after the treatment cycle were more likely to show PIVC failure (22% vs. 7%, p = .002).

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the incidence of PIVC failure in patients with hematological malignancies was unacceptably high. Conceivably, the incidence of PIVC failure varies by the onset time of side effects in the treatment cycle. This should be considered when using PIVCs and selecting optimal vascular access devices for patients with hematological malignancies.


Reference:

Shintani Y, Murayama R, Abe-Doi M, Sanada H. Incidence, causes, and timing of peripheral intravenous catheter failure related to insertion timing in the treatment cycle in patients with hematological malignancies: A prospective descriptive study. Jpn J Nurs Sci. 2022 Apr 26:e12484. doi: 10.1111/jjns.12484. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35474606.