Ultrasound guided pediatric cannulation training
Objective: To present the results of an ultrasound vascular cannulation (UGVC) training program for inexperienced operators using a training model.
Method: This was a descriptive observational study developed in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a third-level hospital. Operators received basic theoretical training in the USVC technique, followed by practical training with a model designed for USVC-inexperienced healthcare professionals.
Results: The study included 25 healthcare professionals, who carried out a total of 300 ultrasound-guided cannulation procedures (12 per participant) at equidistant sites on the longitudinal axis/in-plane (LA/IP) and the transverse axis/out-of-plane (TA/OP). The mean depth of cannulated vessels was 0.90 (0.34) cm and their mean diameter was 0.41 (0.1) cm. In 41.7% of cases, complete view of the needle (CVN) was accomplished; in 49% of cases, repositioning of the needle/guidewire (RNG) was necessary for successful UGVC. The rate of successful UGVC in the training model was 79.7%. The mean time required for the procedure was 74.70 (73.72) seconds. The time to successful cannulation was 58.72 (56.87) seconds. The mean number of attempts needed until successful UGVC was 1.31 (0.72). Complications were: (a) 26.3% vessel perforation/wrong guidewire positioning (VP/WGP) and (b) 4.3% successful vessel puncture followed by failure to accomplish subsequent cannulation.
Conclusions: Through the present theoretical-practical training program for inexperienced operators using a training model: (a) high success rates and short procedural times were attained; (b) complete view of needle and need for repositioning the needle/guidewire occurred in half of the procedures; and (c) complications occurred in a third of the procedures.
López-Álvarez JM, Pérez-Quevedo O, Naya-Esteban J, Ramirez-Lorenzo T, Falcón-González JC, Lorenzo-Villegas DL. Ultrasound-guided pediatric vascular cannulation by inexperienced operators: outcomes in a training model. J Ultrasound. 2021 May 4. doi: 10.1007/s40477-021-00585-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33948886.