Surveillance of home health central venous catheter care outcomes

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Limited data are available regarding central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications that occur in home care. A practical out-of-hospital surveillance mechanism is needed” Nailon and Rupp (2019).

Abstract:

Background: Limited data are available regarding central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications that occur in home care. A practical out-of-hospital surveillance mechanism is needed.

Methods: Home health/infusion agencies in 4 states submitted monthly data from January 2011 through March 2015. Data were collected by patient age and included number of patients on service with a CVC, device days, central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), CVC-occlusions, doses of fibrinolytics administered, and number of patients receiving fibrinolytics.

Results: Ten agencies from 4 states contributed data across the study period. A total of 913 occlusions and 73 CLABSIs occurred during the 51-month surveillance period. The CLABSI rates per 1,000 device days per year across the study surveillance period ranged from 0-0.40 for pediatric and from 0-0.37 for adult patients, whereas occlusion rates per 1,000 device days ranged from 0.26-1.59 for pediatric and from 2.59-33.29 for adult patients. Doses of fibrinolytic agents administered per 1,000 device days ranged from 0.26-1.80 in pediatric and 3.53-33.85 in adult patients.

Conclusions: Opportunities exist to further expand efforts to quantify the presence of CVCs in home settings to enable improvements with measuring and tracking patient outcomes as they relate to CVC care. Exploration of continued sustainability of surveillance and data validation are warranted to optimize home health/infusion care practices and outcomes.

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Reference:

Nailon, R.E. and Rupp, M.E. (2019) Surveillance of home health central venous catheter care outcomes: Challenges and future directions. American Journal of Infection Control. 47(11), p.1382–1387. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2019.04.177.

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