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Slippery liquid infused fluoropolymer coating for central venous catheters – Full Text

"We report an antibiotic-free, fluoropolymer-immobilized, liquid perfluorocarbon-coated peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line and its effectiveness in reducing catheter associated thrombosis and pathogen colonization" Bandyopadhyay et al (2020).
Abstract:

Thrombosis and infections are two grave, interrelated problems associated with the use of central venous catheters (CVL). Currently used antibiotic coated CVL has limited clinical success in resisting blood stream infection and may increase the risk of emerging antibiotic resistant strains. We report an antibiotic-free, fluoropolymer-immobilized, liquid perfluorocarbon-coated peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line and its effectiveness in reducing catheter associated thrombosis and pathogen colonization, as an alternative to antibiotic coated CVL. Commercially available polyurethane PICC catheter was modified by a three-step lamination process, with thin fluoropolymer layers to yield fluoropolymer-polyurethane-fluoropolymer composite structure before applying the liquid perfluorocarbon (LP). This high throughput process of modifying commercial PICC catheters with fluoropolymer is quicker, safer and shows higher thromboresistance than fluorinated, omniphobic catheter surfaces, produced by previously reported self-assembled monolayer deposition techniques. The LP immobilized on the fluoropolymer is highly durable in physiological flow conditions for over 60 days and continue to resist Staphylococcus colonization.

Reference:

Bandyopadhyay S, Jones A, McLean A, et al. Slippery liquid infused fluoropolymer coating for central lines to reduce catheter associated clotting and infections. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):14973. Published 2020 Sep 11. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-71711-6