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"To compare peri-operative outcomes of skin closure with octyl cyanoacrylate (OCA) skin adhesive (Dermabond) with or without subcuticular sutures after deep dermal suturing for implantable venous port placement closure" Zhao et al (2022).

Skin adhesive for implantable port skin closure

Abstract:

Aim: To compare peri-operative outcomes of skin closure with octyl cyanoacrylate (OCA) skin adhesive (Dermabond) with or without subcuticular sutures after deep dermal suturing for implantable venous port placement closure.

Materials and methods: Seven hundred and ninety-two single-lumen implantable venous port insertions for chemotherapy were reviewed from September 2019 to March 2021 in a retrospective single-centre study. Propensity-score matching by a 1:1 nearest neighbour algorithm was conducted to control for confounding baseline differences. Distances were determined by logistic regression. Propensity-score matching was performed based on the following variables: age at procedure, gender, race, operator’s seniority, use of anchoring polypropylene suture (PROLENE), port model, and volume of intra-operative local analgesia. The primary outcome was wound dehiscence at the first follow-up (∼1 week).

Results: The 792 port insertions were conducted in 302 males (38.1%), median age 63 years (IQR: 54-69). Of the 656 wounds closed with subcuticular sutures and skin adhesive, 136 were matched in a 1:1 fashion against procedures closed without a subcuticular suture. No significant differences were demonstrated in pain scores, bleeding, swelling, bruising, fever, wound dehiscence, and discharge at postoperative day 1 (POD1) and at first follow-up between the groups (all p>0.05). Of note, no significant differences in wound dehiscence at first follow-up was found in both unmatched (p=0.133) and matched cohorts (McNemar-Bowker’s χ2 = 1.167, p=0.761).

Conclusion: These findings suggest that the omission of subcuticular sutures during implantable venous port closure may not compromise peri-operative outcomes when OCA skin adhesives were used.


Reference:

Zhao JJ, Tashi S, Lim EJ, Wong SY, Wang YW, Sultana R, Leong S, Chua JME, Too CW, Chandramohan S. Octyl cyanoacrylate skin adhesive with or without subcuticular suture for skin closure after implantable venous port placement for oncology patients: a propensity-score matching analysis. Clin Radiol. 2022 May 31:S0009-9260(22)00221-5. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2022.04.014. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35659114.