Introduction: Difficult intravenous (IV) access (DIVA) is frequently encountered in the hospital setting. Ultrasound-guided peripheral IV catheter (USGPIV) insertion has emerged as an effective procedure to establish access in patients with DIVA. Despite the increased use of USGPIV, little is known about the optimal training paradigms for bedside nurses. Therefore, we developed and evaluated a novel, sustainable, USGPIV simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) curriculum for nurses.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of an USGPIV SBML training program for bedside nurses over a 12-month period. We evaluated skills and self-confidence before and after training and measured the proportion of the nurses achieving independent, proctor, and instructor status. Procedure logs and surveys were used to explore the nurse experience and utilization of USGPIV on real patients with DIVA 3 months after the intervention.
Results: Two hundred thirty-eight nurses enrolled in the study. The USGPIV skill checklist scores increased from median of 6.0 . The USGPIV confidence improved from before (mean = 2.32, SD = 1.17) to after (mean = 3.85, SD = 0.73, P < 0.001) training (5-point Likert scale). Sixty-two percent of the nurses enrolled achieved independent status, 47.5% became proctors, and 11.3% course trainers. At 3-month posttraining, the nurses had attempted a mean of 35.6 USGPIV insertions with an 89.5% success rate.
Conclusions: This novel USGPIV SBML curriculum improves nurses’ insertion skills, self-confidence, and progresses patient care through USGPIV insertions on hospitalized patients with DIVA.
Amick AE, Feinsmith SE, Davis EM, Sell J, Macdonald V, Trinquero P, Moore AG, Gappmeier V, Colton K, Cunningham A, Ford W, Feinglass J, Barsuk JH. Simulation-Based Mastery Learning Improves Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertion Skills of Practicing Nurses. Simul Healthc. 2021 Jan 8;Publish Ahead of Print. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000545. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33428356.