Relationship between hemoglobin levels and vancomycin clearance

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It is important to accurately estimate accurate vancomycin (VCM) clearance (CLvcm) for appropriate VCM dosing in the treatment of patients with sepsis” Chuma et al (2019).

Abstract:

PURPOSE: It is important to accurately estimate accurate vancomycin (VCM) clearance (CLvcm) for appropriate VCM dosing in the treatment of patients with sepsis. However, the pathophysiology of sepsis can make CLvcm prediction less accurate. Clearance of hydrophilic antibiotics is disturbed by organ dysfunction, and hemoglobin levels are negatively correlated with sequential organ function assessment scores. We investigated whether hemoglobin levels are associated with CLvcm in sepsis patients.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients treated with VCM in the Emergency and Critical Care Center of Nihon University Itabashi Hospital between 2005 and 2015. We enrolled 72 patients after exclusion of patients who received renal replacement therapy or surgery, had a change in hemoglobin levels more than 2 g/dL or received an erythrocyte infusion during the interval between initial VCM administration and measurement of initial trough levels, had a serum baseline creatinine level of ≥ 2 mg/dL, or were under 18 years old.
RESULTS:
Enrolled patients consisted of 13 non-sepsis patients and 59 sepsis patients. In sepsis patients, although CLvcm was correlated with CrCl in HGB ≥ 9 group as well as in non-sepsis patients, its correlation was not observed in HGB < 9 group. Hemoglobin levels were correlated with CLvcm in sepsis patients but not in non-sepsis patient. Multiple linear regression analysis also indicated that lower CLvcm was associated with lower hemoglobin and CrCl. CONCLUSION: Lower hemoglobin levels influence a relationship between CLvcm and CrCl in sepsis patients. We propose that VCM dosing should be adjusted for hemoglobin levels in sepsis patients.

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Reference:

Chuma, M., Makishima, M., Imai, T., Tochikura, N., Suzuki, S., Kuwana, T., Sawada, N., Iwabuchi, S., Sekimoto, M., Nakayama, T., Sakaue, T., Kikuchi, N., Yoshida, Y. and Kinoshita, K. (2019) Relationship between hemoglobin levels and vancomycin clearance in patients with sepsis. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. March 14th. . doi: 10.1007/s00228-019-02661-w.

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