Reducing OPAT readmission rates
Introduction: Outpatient parenteral antibiotic treatment (OPAT) is associated with shorter length of hospital stay and reduced cost. Yet, patients discharged home on OPAT are at risk of hospital readmissions due to adverse events and complications. Although the impact of a multidisciplinary approach to readmission has been assessed by previous studies, addition of an innovative technology has not been evaluated for OPAT. This study examines the impact of a multidisciplinary approach including automated voice calls on 30-day readmissions of OPAT patients.
Methods: A post-discharge transitional care process (PDTCP) targeting OPAT patients was implemented in fall 2016. This process included an automated telephone patient engagement service and coordination among pharmacy, nursing, medicine, and social work personnel. The patients on OPAT received automated telephone calls at 2, 9, 16, 28, and 40 days post-discharge to ensure medication availability and adherence and to circumvent issues that would otherwise result in an emergency room visit or readmission to the hospital.
Results: A total 429 voice calls were made to 148 patients from November 8, 2016 to February 28, 2019. Overall, 61% (n = 90/148) of the patients were successfully reached by the automated voice system. The patients who were reached by the automated voice system were less likely to be readmitted than those not reached (18.9% vs 41.4%; relative risk (RR) 0.46, 95% CI 0.27-0.77, P = .003).
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that a multidisciplinary approach involving the use of automated telephone calls was associated with decreased hospital readmissions.
Huggins CE, Park TE, Boateng E, Zeana C. The Impact of a Standardized Discharge Process on 30-Day Readmissions for Patients on Outpatient Parenteral Antibiotic Treatment. Hosp Pharm. 2022 Feb;57(1):107-111. doi: 10.1177/0018578720985434. Epub 2020 Dec 29. PMID: 35521026; PMCID: PMC9065516.