We present a case of a port malposition into the azygos vein resulting in both a broncho-esophageal and veno-bronchial fistula. While complications of central venous catheter malposition into the azygos vein are well documented in literature, these unique complications have not yet been described. This case underscores how utilizing state of the art technology like intra-cavity electrocardiography rather that reliance on fluoroscopy can help eliminate catheter malposition and its potential catastrophic consequences.
Frias PF, Cross CG, Kaufman CS, Quencer KB. Port malposition in the azygos vein resulting in a veno-broncho and broncho-esophageal fistula: A case report. J Vasc Access. 2021 Mar 17:11297298211002580. doi: 10.1177/11297298211002580. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33726603.