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"Point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a useful tool for the early diagnosis of thrombosis related to the central venous catheter for dialysis" Silveira Vieira et al (2022).

PoCUS and CVC thrombosis

Abstract:

Background: Point of care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a useful tool for the early diagnosis of thrombosis related to the central venous catheter for dialysis (TR-CVCd). However, the application of PoCUS is still not common as a bedside imaging examination and TR-CVCd remains often underdiagnosed in the routine practice. The aim of this study was to investigate if a compression technique for the diagnosis of TR-CVCd blindly performed by PoCUS experts and medical students is accurate when compared to a Doppler study.

Methods: Two medical students without prior knowledge in PoCUS received a short theoretical-practical training to evaluate TR-CVCd of the internal jugular vein by means of the ultrasound compression technique. After the training phase, patients with central venous catheter for dialysis (CVCd) were evaluated by the students in a private hemodialysis clinic. The results were compared to those obtained on the same population by doctors with solid experience in PoCUS, using both the compression technique and the color Doppler.

Results: Eighty-one patients were eligible for the study and the prevalence of TR-CVCd diagnosed by Doppler was 28.4%. The compression technique performed by the students and by experts presented, respectively, a sensitivity of 59.2% (CI 51.6-66.8) vs 100% and a specificity of 89.6% (CI 84.9-94.3) vs 94.8% (CI 91.4-98.2).

Conclusion: The compression technique in the hands of PoCUS experts demonstrated high accuracy in the diagnosis of TR-CVCd and should represent a standard in the routine examination of dialytic patients. The training of PoCUS inexperienced students for the diagnosis of TR-CVCd is feasible but did not lead to a sufficient level of sensitivity.


Reference:

Silveira Vieira AL, Muniz Pazeli Júnior J, Silva Matos A, Marques Pereira A, Rezende Pinto I, Esteves de Oliveira Silva L, Siqueira Guilherme L, Archângelo E Silva SL. Ultrasonographic evaluation of deep vein thrombosis related to the central catheter in hemodialytic patients. Ultrasound J. 2022 Jan 10;14(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s13089-021-00252-4. PMID: 35006415.