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"CVAD insertion in patients with type I PLSVC is safe under certain conditions, with the proper tip position in the middle to lower part of PLSVC" Wang et al (2021).

PLSVC and intracavitary ECG

Abstract:

Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a rare congenital anomaly. PLSVC can be associated with clinically significant atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD). It is usually asymptomatic and accidentally detected during invasive procedures or imaging examinations. However, whether central venous access device (CVAD) can be placed and used in patients with PLSVC is controversial. A total of six patients were diagnosed with PLSVC and confirmed by chest CT among 3391 cancer patients who underwent CVAD placement via intracavitary electrocardiogram (IC-EKG) at the Venous Access Center (VAC) from May 2019 to December 2020. The CVADs (peripherally inserted central catheter in four patients and Ports in two patients) of these six patients were left in PLSVC. We analyzed changes in the P-wave in the IC-EKG during CVAD placement and the characteristics of the body surface electrocardiogram in these patients and discussed the catheter tip position in PLSVC. All six patients showed negative P-waves in lead II via IC-EKG from the beginning of catheterization: four patients showed negative P-waves and two showed biphasic P-waves in the body surface electrocardiogram (lead III) before catheterization. CVAD function was normal and no obvious complications were observed during the treatment of these patients. The total retention time of CVADs was 1537 days. For patients with a negative P-wave in lead II via IC-EKG during catheterization, especially in those with a negative or biphasic P-wave in lead III of the body surface electrocardiogram, PLSVC should be considered. CVAD insertion in patients with type I PLSVC is safe under certain conditions, with the proper tip position in the middle to lower part of PLSVC.


Reference:

Wang X, Yang Y, Dong J, Wang X, Zheng Y, Chen J, Shen Y, Wang H. Analysis of six cancer patients with persistent left superior vena cava identified during central venous access device placement via an intracavitary electrocardiogram. J Vasc Access. 2021 Sep 29:11297298211045576. doi: 10.1177/11297298211045576. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34585623.