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"Sampling from a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) might be a more efficient and less traumatic collection of blood for serum biochemistry (SB) or CBC than direct venipuncture (DV)" Guarino et al (2022).
Blood sampling from peripheral IV catheters in dogs

Abstract:

Background: Sampling from a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) might be a more efficient and less traumatic collection of blood for serum biochemistry (SB) or CBC than direct venipuncture (DV). Agreement between results of samples obtained by these methods has not been evaluated in dogs.

Objectives: The primary objectives were to determine whether sampling from PIVC could be used in place of DV for dogs. We hypothesized DV and PIVC samples would have clinically equivalent SB and CBC results.

Animals: Sixty-one client-owned dogs were included in each study arm.

Methods: This was a partially randomized method-comparison study. Paired DV and PIVC samples obtained within 1 to 2 minutes after, or approximately 24 hours after, placement of a PIVC in a cephalic vein were evaluated for agreement and bias using percentage difference plots (with a priori application of consensus total allowable error), Bland-Altman analysis, Passing-Bablok regression analysis, Wilcoxon signed rank test, and McNemar’s test.

Results: There was statistically and clinically acceptable agreement and no bias between sampling methods for the majority of results. Analytes with the most frequent disagreement were aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, potassium, bicarbonate, and leukocyte differential counts, as well as red blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and packed cell volume in the hospitalized PIVC sampling group. Few observed differences would change clinical decision making.

Conclusions and clinical importance: PIVC sampling can provide generally acceptable SB and CBC results for most dogs, but clinicians should be aware of a few values for which disparate results might occasionally be obtained.

Reference:

Guarino AL, Specht AJ, Beatty SSK, O’Kell AL. Comparison of biochemical and hematologic values obtained via jugular venipuncture and peripheral intravenous catheters in dogs. J Vet Intern Med. 2022 Aug 27. doi: 10.1111/jvim.16518. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36053877.