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"This study compared IVs stabilized with current transparent film dressing to those using an engineered stabilization device" Wilson et al (2022).

Peripheral IV catheter stabilization

Abstract:

Background: Short peripheral intravenous catheters are the most common invasive procedure used to deliver medications, blood products, and fluids to patients, and failure has the potential to impact the quality of care.

Methods: This study compared IVs stabilized with current transparent film dressing to those using an engineered stabilization device. The first phase of the study evaluated documentation; data from patient records were found less than optimal but most complete for securement and removal, the two fields most critical to the study. The second phase measured IV dwell time, restart rates, and time between IV loss and restarts.

Results: Although there were no statistically significant differences in restarts, the IV dwell time was longer when the engineered device was in place, helping to extend the life of the IV and prevent interruption of care. In the absence of data on the cost of infections and other complications, the use of an engineered device increased the cost of IV starts.

Conclusions: Adding an engineered stabilization device increases the cost of peripheral IV starts, but contributes to reducing IV restarts and preventing IV complications due to destabilized IVs. Although there were no statistically significant differences in restarts, the IV dwell time was longer when the device was in place, helping to extend the life of the IV and prevent interruption of care. Complete and accurate documentation and improved quality depended upon the ability to abstract unit-level data, which is vital for capturing the appropriate healthcare indicators. Clinical nurses must be involved in the decision-making regarding health records and operability at the unit level.


Reference:

Wilson GM, Winsett RP, Modi B, Jia R, Patton T, Silberberg D. Comparative intervention assessing a catheter stabilization device on peripheral intravenous line loss. J Vasc Access. 2022 May 16:11297298221098331. doi: 10.1177/11297298221098331. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35578556.