Venous access devices (VADs) play an important role in different clinical contexts. In pediatric subjects, VAD placement is more complicated than in adults due to children’s poor cooperativity and reduced vascular access. Adherence to guidelines for the placement of VADs could prevent the occurrence of complications, but data in the literature are general and not exhaustive, especially with regard to the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to assess adherence to guidelines for the placement of VADs in a pediatric setting. A retrospective observational study was conducted in the general ward of a pediatric hospital in the northern region of Italy. Data related to consecutive admissions in the period from 1 January to 31 December 2019 were collected according to the availability of clinical documentation. A cohort of 251 subjects was considered, yielding a total of 367 VADs. Device permanence in situ and the effective administration of intravenous therapy were associated with an increased risk of complications, while adherence to guidelines was an important protective factor. Adherence to guidelines for the placement of VADs is an independent and positive predictive factor for the prevention of complications due to the presence of a vascular device.Reference:
Moreal C, Comoretto RI, Buchini S, Gregori D. Positioning of Vascular Access in Pediatric Patients: An Observational Study Focusing on Adherence to Current Guidelines. J Clin Med. 2021 Jun 11;10(12):2590. doi: 10.3390/jcm10122590. PMID: 34208254; PMCID: PMC8230876.