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"This study aimed to describe the translation process and establish the validity of the three instruments in Indonesian to assess pediatric peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) insertion and care practices" Indarwati et al (2022).
Pediatric peripheral IV audit tool

Abstract:

Objectives: This study aimed to describe the translation process and establish the validity of the three instruments in Indonesian to assess pediatric peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) insertion and care practices.

Methods: The six-step forward and backward translation method was used to translate the adapted questionnaires. The English version questionnaires included the point prevalence audit checklist, the nurse survey consisting of the nurse PIVC knowledge questionnaire and the nurse PIVC confidence questionnaire, plus a Patient/parent Experience Survey. Data collection was conducted in Indonesia between October 2019 and February 2020. In total, there were six translators (two for each instrument), nine-panel vascular access experts (three for each instrument), and 30 participants (ten for each instrument) of the target population involved in the translation and validation of the three instruments. Three-panel experts rated the content relevance of each instrument using a four-point rating scale. Item level and scale level content validity index and kappa index were calculated. Ten-panel members of the target population evaluated each questionnaire regarding feasibility, clarity, logical sequence, and formatting. Qualitative comments from the panel were also reviewed.

Results: The translation process indicated relatively low discrepancies between translators except for semantic equivalence. There were nine, eight, and one semantic discrepancies found in the forward translation of the point prevalence audit checklist, nurse survey, and patient/parent experience survey. The semantic discrepancies were less prevalent in the backward translation, with only one, three, and two items reported during the process. The item validity index for all of the three instruments showed relatively high agreement between experts (I-CVI > 0.78, S-CVI/Ave >0.90, S-CVI/UA > 0.70, and kappa index >0.74). The face validity was established with the panel reporting that the three instruments were easy to understand and presented logically. However, some re-formatting of the nurse survey and patient/parent experience survey were needed to avoid ambiguity and confusion for the participants.

Conclusions: The results indicate that the translated three survey instruments that had been widely used in other developed countries show good content validity in the Indonesian context. They can be used as a reference for further testing in different countries and contribute to understanding the pediatric PIVC audit tools used in future clinical research.

Reference:

Indarwati F, Munday J, Keogh S. Adaptation and validation of pediatric peripheral intravenous catheter insertion and care practices audit tools. Int J Nurs Sci. 2022 Mar 15;9(2):179-186. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnss.2022.03.005. PMID: 35509701; PMCID: PMC9052259.