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"Although the CVC insertion pain was significantly lower in patients who received the topical combination of Lidocaine plus Diclofenac, there was no clinically important difference between the two groups and both topical anesthetics were effective and safe in reducing pain intensity" Azizkhani et al (2021).

Local anesthetic for CVC insertion

Abstract:

Introduction: Various methods of analgesia can be used to reduce or prevent procedural pain in emergency department (ED). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of topical lidocaine-diclofenac combination compared to lidocaine-prilocaine combination (Xyla-P) in reduction of the pain during central venous catheter (CVC) insertion.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 100 adult patients requiring CVC insertion in the ED were enrolled. These patients were randomly divided into two groups. The site of CVC insertion was covered with 2 g of topical Xyla-P cream in the first group, and 2 g of topical lidocaine-diclofenac cream in the second group. The primary outcome was the pain during CVC implantation. The secondary outcomes were physician satisfaction and the incidence of side effects.

Results: On the visual analog scale (VAS), the pain score during CVC insertion was significantly lower in the second group (p = 0.027). However, there was no difference in pain scores during lidocaine injection between the two groups (p = 0.386). Also, there was no significant difference in the rate of side effects between the two groups (p = 1.0). The physician’s satisfaction with the first group was significantly lower than the second group (p = 0.042).

Conclusion: Although the CVC insertion pain was significantly lower in patients who received the topical combination of Lidocaine plus Diclofenac, there was no clinically important difference between the two groups and both topical anesthetics were effective and safe in reducing pain intensity. Also, lidocaine-diclofenac combination cream was more cost-effective than Xyla-P cream.

Reference:

Azizkhani R, Shahnazari Sani M, Heydari F, Saber M, Mousavi S. Topical Lidocaine plus Diclofenac as a Local Anesthetic Agent in Central Venous Catheterization; a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Arch Acad Emerg Med. 2021 Sep 15;9(1):e63. doi: 10.22037/aaem.v9i1.1389. PMID: 34580661; PMCID: PMC8464016.