Subclavian access is commonly used in the intensive care unit (ICU) for central venous catheterization. Many complications have been reported during the placement of central venous catheters including pneumothorax, hemothorax, hematoma, and bleeding. The direct, through the thoracic wall, catheterization of pulmonary artery is a very rare one with only three previous reports in the literature. We report a patient who was catheterized for subclavian venous catheter placement, but the imaging techniques (chest X-ray and computed tomography with reconstruction of the images) revealed the direct positioning of the catheter into the pulmonary trunk, fortunately without other adverse events for the patient. Our case report in accordance with recent review of the literature strongly emphasizes the benefits of performing ultrasound-guided interventions in ICU.
Papamichalis P, Alexiou E, Zafeiridis T, Neou E, Katsiafylloudis P, Karagiannis S, Papadopoulos D, Mourkas V, Skoura AL, Komnos G, Papamichalis M, Komnos A. Inadvertent direct pulmonary artery catheterization complicating the effort for subclavian venous cannulation and central venous catheter placement: A case report and review of the literature. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3):143-147. doi: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_94_19. Epub 2020 Sep 22. PMID: 33409130; PMCID: PMC7771621.