Hemodialysis central venous catheter
Central venous cannulation is a frequent need for urgent or scheduled hemodialysis. Many studies confirmed the pivotal role of ultrasound in this procedure. Vascular access guidelines strongly recommend ultrasound guidance. Its usefulness has been demonstrated not only in reducing complications of venipuncture but more recently for the evaluation of central venous catheter (CVC) placement and real-time check for possible complications. The use of ultrasound requires a precise technique for the correct handling of the probe and the needle movement. Different approaches as the out-of-plane, in-plane, and oblique methods are available, enabling the most appropriate for the individual case. Although the learning curve for CVC ultrasound placement is usually fast, formal training and certification for beginners are strongly recommended.
Forneris G, Marciello A, Savio D, Gallieni M. Ultrasound in central venous access for hemodialysis. J Vasc Access. 2021 Jul 19:11297298211019494. doi: 10.1177/11297298211019494. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34278846.