We argue that primary as well as derived and efficiency measures should be reported and discussed when haemodynamic studies are reported involving fluid administrations” Sondergaard et al (2019).
BACKGROUND: Recent studies in haemodynamic management have focused on fluid management and assessed its effects in terms of increase in cardiac output based on fluid challenges or variations in pulse pressure caused by cyclical positive pressure ventilation. The theoretical scope may be characterised as Starling-oriented. This approach ignores the actual events of right-sided excitation and left-sided response which is consistently described in a Guyton-oriented model of the cardiovascular system.
AIM: Based on data from a previous study, we aim to elucidate the primary response to crystalloid and colloid fluids in terms of cardiac output, mean blood pressure and right atrial pressure as well as derived and efficiency variables defined in terms of Guyton venous return physiology.
METHOD: Re-analyses of previously published data.
RESULTS: Cardiac output invariably increased on infusion of crystalloid and colloid solutions, whereas static and dynamic efficiency measures declined in spite of increasing pressure gradient for venous return.
DISCUSSION: We argue that primary as well as derived and efficiency measures should be reported and discussed when haemodynamic studies are reported involving fluid administrations.
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Sondergaard, S., Larsson, J.S. and Möller, P.W. (2019) The haemodynamic effects of crystalloid and colloid volume resuscitation on primary, derived and efficiency variables in post-CABG patients. Intensive Care Medicine Experimental. 7(1), p.13.