“The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of weekly whole-body douche with CHG shower gel on rates of HA-SI.” Seyman et al (2014).
Seyman, D., Oztoprak, N., Berk, H., Kizilates, F. and Emek, M. (2014) Weekly chlorhexidine douche: does it reduce healthcare-associated bloodstream infections? Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases. August 19th. .
Background: Daily chlorhexidine (CHG) bathing has been used as a precaution to reduce the rate of healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (HA-BSI). The application frequency of CHG bathing remains unclear, this procedure has been implemented daily by this time. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of weekly whole-body douche with CHG shower gel on rates of HA-BSI.
Methods: We conducted a prospective intervention trial in medical, surgical, and anesthesiology intensive care units (ICUs) in a tertiary teaching hospital from June 2011 to November 2012. This study included three periods. During the first period, patients received a daily bed bath by wiping with water and soap. In the second period patients were given a weekly douche with water and soap; in the third period patients were given a weekly douche with CHG shower gel. The rates of HA-BSI were compared between the three periods using Poisson regression analysis.
Results: The central line-associated bloodstream infection rates did not decline significantly between periods (p = 0.76). The laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (LCBSI) rates in the first, second, and third periods were 7.1, 4, and 1.7, respectively. The LCBSI rates were reduced 43.7% from the first period to the second period (p = 0.03). In addition, there was a 57.5% reduction in LCBSI rates between the second and third periods (p < 0.001). Interestingly, the major decline (76.1%) was determined from the first to the third period (p < 0.002).
Conclusions: Weekly douche with CHG shower gel significantly reduced LCBSI rates. Further studies are needed to validate the clinical impact of different intervals of CHG bathing.
Other intravenous and vascular access resources that may be of interest (External links – IVTEAM has no responsibility for content).
- Guide for intravenous chemotherapy and associated vascular access devices from Macmillan.
- CancerUK IV chemotherapy information.