Effect of cold and hot compress on the site of doxorubicin extravasation

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In the present study, we investigated a part of the mechanism responsible for the effects of hot and cold compresses for extravasation of doxorubicin” Miura et al (2019).

Abstract:

In the present study, we investigated a part of the mechanism responsible for the effects of hot and cold compresses for extravasation of doxorubicin. We injected 20 μl of doxorubicin (DOX) (1 μg/μl) subcutaneously into the dorsal area in mice and observed the resulting skin lesions macroscopically and histologically from day 1 to day 14 thereafter in groups treated with a cold pack (18-20°C) and a hot pack (38-40°C) or left untreated (control). Immunofluorescence and RT-PCR for C5a receptor (CD88), interleukin-8 receptor (IL-8RA), and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) were also performed. Macroscopic observation showed that the area of the skin lesion was significantly smaller in the cold group than in the control group, but was significantly larger in the hot group. The neutrophil count in the lesion was significantly higher in the hot group than in the cold (3 hrs) and control groups. The numbers of inflammatory cells expressing CD88 and IL-8RA were significantly lower in the cold group than that in the other groups at almost time points and in the hot groups at later time points, respectively. The number of nerve fascicles expressing TRPV1 was higher in the hot group than in the cold group on days 1, 3 and 14. mRNA for CD88, IL-8RA and TRPV1 was detectable by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in both the cold and hot pack groups. Consequently, these results suggested that the cold pack for the extravasation of DOX might reduce inflammation.

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Reference:

Miura, N.O., Aung, N.Y. and Yamakawa, M. (2019) Effect of cold and hot compress on neutrophilic migration to the site of doxorubicin extravasation. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology. 12(4), p.1468-1477. eCollection 2019.

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