Cost attributable to central catheter bloodstream infections

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The aim of this study was to assess the cost attributable to CRBSI and its influencing factors” Cai et al (2018).

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVC) have been widely used for patients with severe conditions. However, they increase the risk of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), which is associated with high economic burden. Until now, no study has focused on the cost attributable to CRBSI in China, and data on its economic burden are unavailable. The aim of this study was to assess the cost attributable to CRBSI and its influencing factors.

METHODS: A retrospective matched case-control study and multivariate analysis were conducted in a tertiary hospital, with 94 patients (age ≥ 18 years old) from January 2011 to November 2015. Patients with CRBSI were matched to those without CRBSI by age, principal diagnosis, and history of surgery. The difference in cost between the case group and control group during the hospitalization was calculated as the cost attributable to CRBSI, which included the total cost and five specific cost categories: drug, diagnostic imaging, laboratory testing, health care technical services, and medical material. The relation between the total cost attributable to CRBSI and its influencing factors such as demographic characteristics, diagnosis and treatment, and pathogenic microorganism, was analysed with a general linear model (GLM).

RESULTS: The total cost attributable to CRBSI was $3528.6, and the costs of specific categories including drugs, diagnostic imaging, laboratory testing, health care technical services, and medical material, were $2556.4, $112.1, $321.7, $268.7, $276.5, respectively. GLM analysis indicated that the total cost was associated with the intensive care unit (ICU), pathogenic microorganism, age, and catheter number, according to the sequence of standardized estimate (β). ICU contributed the most to the model R-square.

CONCLUSION: Central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection represents a great economic burden for patients. More attentions should be paid to further prevent and control this infection in China.

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Reference:

Cai, Y., Zhu, M., Sun, W., Cao, X. and Wu, H. (2018) Study on the cost attributable to central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection and its influencing factors in a tertiary hospital in China. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 16(1), p.198.

doi: 10.1186/s12955-018-1027-3.

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