The incidence of invasive fungal infection in ICUs has increased over time, and Candida spp. is the most common cause. Critical care patients are a particular set of patients with a higher risk of invasive fungal infections; this population is characterized by extensive use of medical devices such as central venous lines, arterial lines, bladder catheters, hemodialysis and mechanical intubation. Blood cultures are the gold standard diagnosis; still, they are not an early diagnostic technique. Mannan, anti-mannan antibody, 1,3-β-D-glucan, Candida albicans germ tube antibody, Vitek 2, PNA-FISH, MALDI-TOF, PCR and T2Candida panel are diagnostic promising microbiological assays. Scoring systems are tools to distinguish patients with low and high risk of infection. They can be combined with diagnostic tests to select patients for pre-emptive treatment or antifungal discontinuation. Candidemia is the focus of this narrative review, an approach to contributing factors and diagnosis, with an emphasis on critical care patients.Reference:
Alves J, Alonso-Tarrés C, Rello J. How to Identify Invasive Candidemia in ICU-A Narrative Review. Antibiotics (Basel). 2022 Dec 12;11(12):1804. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics11121804. PMID: 36551461; PMCID: PMC9774599.