On February 6, 2017, one male patient aged 25 years with total burn area of 99% total body surface area (TBSA) and full-thickness burn area of 95% TBSA was transferred from a primary hospital to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine one day post injury. On admission, the patient was clearly conscious, with tracheotomy ventilator assisted ventilation, and received rehydration, antishock, anti-infection, nutritional support, debridement, skin grafting, and negative pressure treatment. During the hospitalization, the patient was in critical condition and 28 central venous catheterizations and 1 peripherally inserted central catheter were performed.Based on multidisciplinary cooperation and on the premise of full risk assessment, nurses focused on strengthening the nursing of central venous catheter related infection. The measures for central venous catheter care were improved after detection of carbapenems resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae from catheter tip attachment, wound exudate, and blood culture, active prevention measure targeted at thrombosis around central venous catheter was performed, and prevention of unplanned extubation was emphasized during the use of rotating bed, soaking bath, and agitation of patient. On the 171st day of admission, peripherally inserted central venous catheter was performed by intravenous therapy nurse specialist on the scar formation site of the right upper arm. The catheter was withdrawn after indwelling for 55 days and the patient recovered and was discharged. During follow-up of 18 months, the patient recovered well.
Lu FC, Shen MY, Chen HQ, Xu T, Han CM. Nursing care of 29 central venous catheterizations for one burn patient with 99% total body surface area. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2020;36(7):600-602. doi:10.3760/cma.j.cn501120-20190328-00146