Poster presentation demonstrates that Hospital-Acquired Infections quadruple ICU mortality

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Intravenous news: Medscape report “Elderly patients treated with central catheter and/or mechanical ventilation devices in intensive care units (ICUs), admitted from the emergency department or as an urgent case, are at very high risk for hospital-acquired infection (HAI), according to the results of research presented here at the 22nd European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. In-hospital mortality in ICU patients with HAI was 4 times higher than in those without HAI, according to this analysis of an American hospital database. Florence Joly, PharmD, from global evidence and value development at Sanofi in Paris, France, led the study and presented the findings. “A device, namely a central catheter [odds ratio (OR), 3.4]or mechanical ventilation [OR, 2.8], trebled the risk of having a HAI, including bloodstream infection, nosocomial pneumonia, and surgical-site infection,” Dr. Joly told Medscape Medical News. Higher risks were associated with coming from the emergency department and being older than 75 years of age, he said. She added that mortality was 4 times higher in patients with a HAI than in those without (18.5% vs 4.5%). In patients with HAI, length of stay in the ICU doubled, from a mean of 8.1 days to 15.8 days.”

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