Intravenous literature: Chernecky, C.C., Macklin, D., Jarvis, W.R. and Joshua, T.V. (2013) Comparison of central line-associated bloodstream infection rates when changing to a zero fluid displacement intravenous needleless connector in acute care settings. American Journal of Infection Control. August 21st. .
This was a multicenter, quasiexperimental, 140-month, acute care study comparing central line-associated bloodstream infection rates associated with positive or negative intravenous connectors to a zero fluid displacement connector. A decrease in central line-associated bloodstream infections was found after changing from either negative or positive intravenous connectors to the zero fluid displacement connector (P = .005) with total cost savings of over $3 million.