Technique for inserting inadvertently removed tunneled hemodialysis catheters through the original exit site

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Intravenous literature: Lomonte, C., Casucci, F., Libutti, P., Lisi, P., Losurdo, N. and Basile, C. (2013) A technique for inserting inadvertently removed tunneled hemodialysis catheters through the original exit site [Article in Italian]. Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia. 230(3).

Abstract:

Accidental loss of tunneled hemodialysis (HD) central venous catheters (CVCs) is a rare complication. In the absence of other sites available for positioning a new CVC, the lack of a vascular access exposes the patient to a high risk of mortality. The technique for inserting inadvertently removed tunneled CVCs using the original exit site has never gained popularity and has been used, although with good results, in selected cases only. The purpose of this case report is to describe our experience in similar cases, and to propose a variant of the procedure described above: in 4 cases occurring over the last 12 months, our technique permitted recovery of vascular access for up to 72 hours after the loss of the CVC, with placement of a new cuffed CVC performed in the space of a few minutes. There were no cases of bleeding nor episodes of infection. The patients resumed their regular HD program with adequate performance of the CVC during a follow-up period that ranged from 3 to 12 months.In conclusion, we believe that this simple manoeuvre can help the nephrologist solve one of the dialysis room’s moments of genuine emergency.

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