Intravenous literature: Sucupira, C., Abramczyk, M.L., de Abreu Carvalhaes, J.T. and de Moraes-Pinto, M.I. (2012) Surveillance System of Hemodialysis-Associated Infections in a Pediatric Unit. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. 17 March [epub a had of print].
The bloodstream infection surveillance system proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was prospectively conducted in a pediatric hemodialysis unit. Thirty patients were included; 73% had a catheter for vascular access at enrollment. Vascular access infection rate was 21.1 per 100 patient-months, well above those observed in adult patient surveys. Staphylococcus aureus was most frequently isolated (23%).