To carry out surveillance of central-line associated blood stream infections in a Pediatric intensive care unit and determine associated risk factors” Tomar et al (2016).
OBJECTIVE: To carry out surveillance of central-line associated blood stream infections in a Pediatric intensive care unit and determine associated risk factors.
METHODS: This prospective study was conducted over 1.5 years in the pediatric intensive care unit. CDC definitions for these infections were followed and associated risk factors were identified.
RESULTS: Of 265 enrolled children with central line, 13 developed blood stream infections (incidence density 5.03/1000 central-line days). Significant risk factors included changing the central-line, especially triple lumen, and frequently accessing the central-line.
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CONCLUSION: Central-line associated blood stream infections are preventable primary bacteremias and intervention strategies for prevention should be based on evidence generated to devise future protocols.
Tomar, S., Lodha, R., Das, B., Sood, S. and Kapil, A. (2016) Incidence and Risk Factors for Central-line Associated Bloodstream Infections. Indian Pediatrics. July 1st. [Epub ahead of print].
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