Review of paediatric oncology central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections

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Intravenous literature: Secola, R., Lewis, M.A., Pike, N., Needleman, J. and Doering, L. (2012) “Targeting to zero” in pediatric oncology: a review of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections. Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. 29(1), p.14-27.

Abstract:

Reducing or eliminating hospital acquired infections is a national quality of care priority. The majority of the 12 400 children diagnosed with cancer each year require long-term intravenous access to receive intensive and complex therapies. These children are at high risk for infection by nature of their disease and treatment, which often involves use of a central venous catheter (CVC). Throughout the nation, nurses assume frontline responsibility for safe, quality CVC care to minimize the risk of potentially life-threatening infections. Substantial financial and human costs are associated with CVC-related bloodstream infections, including prolonged hospital lengths of stay and increased care required to treat these infections. The purpose of this review of the literature is to summarize existing adult and pediatric data on CVC-related bloodstream infections and explore nursing models of CVC care that may improve pediatric oncology patient outcomes.

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