PICC complications that occur from insertion to withdrawal

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Safety IV catheter

PICC, effective device for central venous access due to the minimal incidence of risks in implantation and to its advantages with regard to the classic central venous catheters, is a further nursing technique” Lacostena-Pérez et al (2018).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rates and nature of the complications related to the Central Peripheral Access Catheter (CVCAP or PICC) from its insertion to its withdrawal.

METHODS: Prospective observational study. All patients older than 14 years of age with a PICC inserted in the polyvalent intensive care unit (ICU) during the period between May 1, 2015 and April 30, 2016 were included. Data collected included: demographic data, insertion details, reason for insertion and removal, maintenance unit, total dwell time, incidence of complications and related factors and infection rate.

RESULTS: 144 PICCs were inserted, of which 94 corresponded to the ICU group (65.28%) and 50 (34.72%) to the non-ICU group. The most important complication was the suspicion of infection: 17.36% (rate of 15.2 per 1000 days of PICC). The total number of confirmed infections was 6.25% (5.5 per 1000 days of PICC), 1.39% (1.2 per 1000 days) being in the ICU group and 4.86% (4.2 per 1000 days) in the non-ICU group. There were 5 bacteraemias, all in the non-ICU group (3 per 1000 days). The most frequent germ was Staphylococcus epidermidis (6 cases). Phlebitis had an incidence of 9.03% (7.9 per 1000 days of PICC).

CONCLUSIONS: PICC, effective device for central venous access due to the minimal incidence of risks in implantation and to its advantages with regard to the classic central venous catheters, is a further nursing technique.

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Reference:

Lacostena-Pérez, M.E., Buesa-Escar, A.M. and Gil-Alós, A.M. (2018) Complications related to the insertion and maintenance of peripheral venous access central venous catheter. Enfermería Intensiva. September 3rd. . .

doi: 10.1016/j.enfi.2018.05.002.

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