Peripheral portacath provides safe and convenient vascular access

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This study shows that the use of peripheral PaC is safe. The feedback from patients and nursing staff supports the use of the peripheral PaC. We are exploring additional patient groups that might benefit from this device” Herd et al (2018).

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: Adolescent patients with chronic conditions rely on permanent venous access for safe treatment and supportive care. Traditionally this is provided by a central venous access device (CVAD) e.g. Hickmann catheter or totally implanted subcutaneous port or also called Port-a-Cath (PaC). We reviewed the patient experience, safety and feasibility of insertion of peripheral inserted implanted subcutaneous port (peripheral PaC).

METHODS: Medical records of patients who underwent insertion of peripheral PaC under ultrasound guidance at our institution since between 2012-2017 were reviewed to ascertain specific details including duration of insertion and complication rate. Short structured questionnaires were used to assess nursing and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS: Twenty eight peripheral PaC were inserted at our institution. There were 17 female and 11 male patients aged between 12.3 and 18.7 years (median = 16.1). Six were inserted under local anesthetic (LA) in patients who were not fit for general owing to mediastinal mass or lung disease. At the time of analysis 2 PaCs remained in situ with a median duration of 8 months (range 3-48). Removal of 26 PaCs was under LA in 15 cases and under GA in 11. Complications were observed in 9 cases but only necessitated early removal or replacement in 3 cases (displacement and disconnection) and repositioning in 1 case. Thrombosis was seen in 2 patients who required systemic anticoagulation but had complete resolution.

CONCLUSION: This study shows that the use of peripheral PaC is safe. The feedback from patients and nursing staff supports the use of the peripheral PaC. We are exploring additional patient groups that might benefit from this device.

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Reference:

Herd, F., Miller, T., van Delft, F.W. and Gabra, H.O. (2018) The peripheral portacath provides safe and convenient venous access in pediatric and adolescent patients. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. September 12th. .

doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.07.026.

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