Parental presence and distraction during painful childhood procedures


Intravenous literature: Matziou, V., Chrysostomou, A., Vlahioti, E. and Perdikaris, P. (2013) Parental presence and distraction during painful childhood procedures. British Journal of Nursing. 22(8), p.470-475.


Aim: To investigate the effect of parental presence and the distraction of the attention by a toy in children undergoing a painful procedure.

Methods: A randomised study with two experimental groups and one control group-130 children (64 girls and 66 boys), mean age 8.3 years (range 7-10 years) were randomly assigned to one of the three groups from September 2006 to March 2007: the parent presence group, the toy group, the control group. The verbal rating scale of pain, the assessment of vital signs before and after the procedure and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children were used.

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