Intravenous literature: Van Donk, P., Rickard, C.M., McGrail, M.R. and Doolan, G. (2009) Routine Replacement versus ClinicalÂ Monitoring of Peripheral Intravenous Catheters in a Regional Hospital in the Home Program: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 30.
This randomized, controlled trial involving 316 patients in the home setting found no difference in the rate of phlebitis and/or occlusion among patients for whom a peripheral intravenous catheter was routinely resited at 72â€“96 hours and those for whom it was replaced only on clinical indication (76.8 events per 1,000 deviceâ€days vs 87.3 events per 1,000 device-days). There were no bloodstream infections.