Line maintenance team to reduce CLABSI in a neonatal intensive care unit

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Intravenous literature: Holzmann-Pazgal, G., Kubanda, A., Davis, K., Khan, A.M., Brumley, K. and Denson, S.E. (2011) Utilizing a line maintenance team to reduce central-line-associated bloodstream infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Journal of Perinatology. Oct 20. [epub ahead of print]

Abstract:

Objective: To determine the association of a central-line maintenance team on the incidence of central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Study Design: Central line maintenance in the NICU was limited to a line team starting in March 2008. CLABSI rates were determined before (December 2006 to February 2008) and after implementation of the line team ( March 2008 to August 2010) utilizing consistent National Healthcare Safety Network definitions. Rates were calculated by birth weight categories and overall. Data analysis was performed by two-proportion t test using Minitab.

Result: Overall CLABSI decreased by 65% after implementation of the line team. Pre intervention, mean overall CLABSI rate was 11.6 /1000, as compared with 4.0/1000 after intervention (P<0.001). Birth-weight-specific CLABSI rates also decreased significantly. Decreased infection rates were sustained over time.

Conclusion: A line team provided for standardized, consistent central-line maintenance care leading to a significant, sustained decrease in CLABSI in a NICU.

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