Information on the stability of ampicillin in total parenteral nutrition

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Ampicillin (AMP) is frequently administered parenterally in critically ill patients with meningitis or endocarditis. Many of them require parallel infusion of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) admixtures. The aim of the study was to determine the physicochemical stability of AMP in TPN admixtures” Stawny et al (2019).

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Ampicillin (AMP) is frequently administered parenterally in critically ill patients with meningitis or endocarditis. Many of them require parallel infusion of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) admixtures. The aim of the study was to determine the physicochemical stability of AMP in TPN admixtures.

METHODS: AMP was added to two formulations of TPN admixtures differing in the lipid emulsion (Lipofundin® MCT/LCT 20% or LIPIDem®). Samples were stored at 4 ± 1 °C with light protection, and at 25 ± 1 °C with and without light protection to assess the impact of temperature and light on formulation stability. Every 24 h the pH, zeta potential, mean droplet diameter (MDD) of a lipid emulsion, and AMP concentration using HPLC method were determined. The assessment of stability and compatibility of TPN admixtures with vitamins and trace elements was carried out immediately after preparation and after 24 h of storage.

RESULTS: The addition of AMP as well as vitamins and trace elements to the TPN admixtures did not affect their physical stability. An increase in the pH value of approx. 0.6 and reduction of zeta potential were observed. The MDD of the lipid emulsions was below the limit of 500 nm (dynamic light scattering (DLS) method) and no fat droplets greater than 525 nm were observed (light diffraction (LD) method). The content of AMP after the first 24 h was within the acceptable limit of 90% for TPN admixtures stored at 4 ± 1 °C and 25 ± 1 °C with light protection.

CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that co-administration of AMP in the same bag with TPN admixture at the tested dose is possible when used ex tempore and with light protection.

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Reference:

Stawny, M., Gostyńska, A., Dettlaff, K., Jelińska, A., Główka, E. and Ogrodowczyk, M. (2019) Effect of Lipid Emulsion on Stability of Ampicillin in Total Parenteral Nutrition. Nutrients. 11(3), p.E559.

doi: 10.3390/nu11030559.

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