Intravenous literature: Lavery, I. (2011) Intravenous practice: improving patient safety. British Journal of Nursing. 9(20), p.S13-9.
The aim of this article is to explore factors leading to risks and to offer suggestions that improve practice and patient safety. Patient safety has gained prominence in the past decade (Department of Health (DH), 2000; McCannon and Berwick, 2011), while awareness of managing risk and learning from adverse events has also increased (Ingram and Lavery, 2005). The DH (2006) estimated that 1 in 10 patients admitted to hospital will unintentionally be the victim of an error, and around 50% of these are avoidable errors. The NPSA (2007a) received 800 reports a month relating to injectable medicines and these represented 24% of the total reported medication-related incidents. The cost to the NHS ranges from Â£88000 to Â£400000 per annum for patient safety incidents (DH, 2006). However, any risk reduction must focus on the system and not just the individual, and this recognizes complexity of the care and the NHS, and that human factors can be supported by robust organizational systems (Vincent et al 2000).