Hospital epidemiologists’ and infection preventionists’ opinions regarding hospital-onset bacteremia and fungemia

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To ascertain opinions regarding etiology and preventability of hospital-onset bacteremia and fungemia (HOB) and perspectives on HOB as a potential outcome measure reflecting quality of infection prevention and hospital care” Dantes et al (2019).

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain opinions regarding etiology and preventability of hospital-onset bacteremia and fungemia (HOB) and perspectives on HOB as a potential outcome measure reflecting quality of infection prevention and hospital care.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.

PARTICIPANTS: Hospital epidemiologists and infection preventionist members of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Research Network.

METHODS: A web-based, multiple-choice survey was administered via the SHEA Research Network to 133 hospitals.

RESULTS: A total of 89 surveys were completed (67% response rate). Overall, 60% of respondents defined HOB as a positive blood culture on or after hospital day 3. Central line-associated bloodstream infections and intra-abdominal infections were perceived as the most frequent etiologies. Moreover, 61% thought that most HOB events are preventable, and 54% viewed HOB as a measure reflecting a hospital’s quality of care. Also, 29% of respondents’ hospitals already collect HOB data for internal purposes. Given a choice to publicly report central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and/or HOB, 57% favored reporting either HOB alone (22%) or in addition to CLABSI (35%) and 34% favored CLABSI alone.

CONCLUSIONS: Among the majority of SHEA Research Network respondents, HOB is perceived as preventable, reflective of quality of care, and potentially acceptable as a publicly reported quality metric. Further studies on HOB are needed, including validation as a quality measure, assessment of risk adjustment, and formation of evidence-based bundles and toolkits to facilitate measurement and improvement of HOB rates.

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Reference:

Dantes, R.B., Abbo, L.M., Anderson, D., Hall, L., Han, J.H., Harris, A.D., Leekha, S., Milstone, A.M., Morgan, D.J., Safdar, N., Schweizer, M.L., Sengupta, S., Seo, S.K. and Rock, C. (2019) Hospital epidemiologists’ and infection preventionists’ opinions regarding hospital-onset bacteremia and fungemia as a potential healthcare-associated infection metric. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. April 1st. . doi: 10.1017/ice.2019.40.

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