Home infusion teaching practices at hemophilia treatment centers

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Home management of hemophilia is standard of care in many countries. This study examined current nursing practices in teaching home infusion (HI) at hemophilia treatment centers (HTC) in the USA” Santaella et al (2018).

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Home management of hemophilia is standard of care in many countries. This study examined current nursing practices in teaching home infusion (HI) at hemophilia treatment centers (HTC) in the USA.

OBJECTIVES: The aims were to identify and compare tools and resources used, areas of unmet needs, and to discuss implications for nurses in practice.
METHODS:
An anonymous electronic survey was distributed to 574 HTC nurses; 156 responses were analyzed.

RESULTS: The data demonstrated that nurses, more specifically nurse coordinators, were most responsible for teaching HI. However, many nurses lack the knowledge and confidence to do so: 23.0% responded feeling somewhat or not very confident with teaching. Of those 36.4% were staff nurses, 11.9% nurse coordinators, and 41.7% advanced practice registered nurses. The majority of nurses have worked more than 5 years as a nurse, with a mean length of time of 23.7 years (SD=11.12, range 3-47) and a mean of 12.9 years (SD=10.29, range 1-42) in a HTC. Thirty-eight and a half percent of nurses have worked less than 5 years in a HTC. Most nurses appeared to follow the Infusion Nurses Society standards when performing venipunctures. Many centers reported using a formal tool or curriculum to teach HI. Nonetheless, these curricula are not uniform and their use is inconsistent between centers and regions.

CONCLUSION: There are currently no national guidelines or standards to assist nurses in this task. The data confirmed the need to develop guidelines and a standardized curriculum to teach HI.

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Reference:

Santaella, M.E., Bloomberg, M. and Anglade, D. (2018) Home infusion teaching practices at federally funded hemophilia treatment centers in the United States of America. Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 1(1), p.81-89.

doi: 10.1002/rth2.12020.

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