Heparin-bonded central lines

0

Intravenous literature: Anton, N., Cox, P.N., Massicotte, M.P., Chait, P., Yasui, Y., Dinyari,  P.M., Marzinotto, V. and Mitchell, L.G. (2009) Heparin-bonded central venous catheters do not reduce thrombosis in infants with congenital heart disease: a blinded randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. 123(3), p.e453-8.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital heart disease who require central venous lines are at increased risk of thrombosis. Heparin-bonded catheters provide protection from thrombotic events in some children. However, heparin-bonded catheters may not be as effective in infants </=1 year old because of other potential risk factors (smaller vessel size, longer duration of catheter use). No studies have assessed the benefit of heparin-bonded catheters in such specific high-risk populations. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of heparin-bonded catheters for preventing thrombosis in infants aged </=1 year with congenital heart disease. Study DESIGN: This study was designed as a randomized, controlled, blinded single-center trial. Infants </=1 year old with congenital heart disease requiring a central venous line for clinical care were randomly assigned to receive either a heparin-bonded catheter or a standard non-heparin-bonded catheter. Catheters were visually indistinguishable. The primary outcome was incidences of both silent and clinically noticeable thrombosis confirmed by ultrasound. Ultrasounds were reviewed by a blinded central adjudication committee. Interim analysis was performed after enrollment of 97 patients. RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients were evaluable (41 of the patients were female). Thrombotic events occurred in 17 (42.5%) of 40 patients in the non-heparin-bonded catheter group and in 21 (44.7%) of 47 patients in the heparin-bonded catheters group. The study was stopped when the interim analysis showed convincing evidence for no difference between groups over the alternative hypothesis of 50% risk reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Infants with congenital heart disease are at significant risk of both silent and clinically identified thrombosis. There seems to be no advantage in using heparin-bonded catheters in infants </=1 year of age.

More IV news at IVTEAM

Share.

Comments are closed.

Free Email Updates
Join 5.5K IVTEAM members. Subscribe now and be the first to receive all the latest free updates from IVTEAM!
100% Privacy. We don't spam.