Intravenous literature: Davis, M.B.H. (2013) Pediatric Central Venous Catheter Management: A Review of Current Practice. The Journal of the Association for Vascular Access. 18(2), p.93-98.
Due to small vessel size, obtaining stable access in pediatric patients is difficult. In addition, because needle stick pain is a concern for patients with chronic illness, central venous catheters are often utilized to provide intravenous treatment. Catheter occlusion is a common complication in pediatric patients and must be addressed to salvage the catheter and ensure successful therapy. The use of fibrinolytics for occlusion treatment have been successful in pediatric populations.