Intravenous literature: Nakataki, E., Oto, J., Hata, M., Tsunano, Y., Okuda, N., Imanaka, H. and Nishimura, M. (2013) Incidence of bacterial contamination in infusion set needles. AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. 41(3), p.273-274.
We examined the incidence and types of bacterial contamination in 265 infusion set needles in adult critically ill patients. Bacterial contamination was detected in 15 samples (5.7%), and a total of 17 organisms were isolated. Ten were coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) and Staphylococcus aureus, and the remainder were ?-Streptococcus, Corynebacterium, and gram-negative rods. Although the contamination was not directly related to catheter-related bloodstream infections exchanging infusion bottles can cause intraluminal contamination and is a possible route of these infections.